Spanish, 17th century
LARGE DEVOTIONAL PENDANT IN THE SHAPE OF A LANTERN, CONTAINING THE VIRGIN OF THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION
partially enamelled gold, set with heliotrope and agate beads, garnets and cut glass, the Virgin gilt and polychromed wood wearing a partially enamelled gold crown set with seed pearls
This is an extraordinarily large example of a typically Spanish type of pendant shaped like a lantern and containing micro carvings of religious scenes. Such pendants functioned as miniature tabernacles. Most are enamelled with black and white, but a 4 centimeter pendant with Ecce Homo and the Crucifixion without gems and floral decoration but similar translucent enamel is in the British Museum (inv. nr. WB 183), whilst a fine Spanish colonial one measuring 6.5 centimeter with the Carrying of the Cross was offered by J. Kugel in 2000 (op.cit., no. 55).
A.B. Chadour and R. Joppien, Schmuck I. Hals-, Ohr-, Arm- und Gewandschmuck, cat. Kunstgewerbemuseum der Stadt Köln, Cologne, 1985, p. 219, no. 109; A. Kugel and R. Distelberger, Joyaux Renaissance. Une splendeur retrouvée, exh. cat. J. Kugel, Paris, 2000
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